Management of natural resources
Food security and sustainable rural development depend on a responsible use of natural resources and the conservation of biodiversity. This has already been anchored in multilateral environmental agreements as well as conventions and treaties for climate change, soil degradation, desertification, and biodiversity. IAK mostly works on natural resource management in projects related to agricultural land use.
IAK’s activities in the field of natural resource management range from participative land use planning for pastoral areas in Mongolia to the recultivation of former mining lands in Mexico. In our projects a special focus is placed on competing forms of land use and possible conflicts arising in this context. In such a case, the inclusion of different stakeholders and exploration of different options for the socio-economic development in a participatory process play a central role.
An integrated approach for the management of natural resources is especially important when different forms of land use interact. For example, agroforestry combines elements of forest management and agricultural production. In a case like that, IAK works in close cooperation with partners such as the East German Society for Forest Planning Ltd. (OGF mbH) in order to get a more profound understanding from both land use systems and design project activities accordingly.